The study of History from Kindergarten to Year 6 investigates the actions, motives and lifestyles of people over time, from individuals and family members, to local communities and expanding to national history contexts. It introduces the idea that History contains many stories and that there is never only one uncontested version. The study of History strengthens an appreciation for and an understanding of civics and citizenship. It also provides broader insights into the historical experiences of different cultural groups within our society and how various groups have struggled for civil rights, for example Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, migrants and women.
History encourages students to develop an understanding of significant historical concepts such as cause and effect, change and continuity, significance, empathy and contestability. Students learn to critically analyse and interpret sources of evidence in order to construct reasoned explanations and a rational and informed argument based on evidence, drawn from the remains of the past. Students engage in research involving traditional methods and ICT, including evaluating web-based sources and using a range of technologies for historical research and communication.
The aim of the History syllabus is to stimulate students’ interest in and enjoyment of exploring the past, to develop a critical understanding of the past and its impact on the present. It also aims to develop the critical skills of historical inquiry.
Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Students learn to question why the world is the way it is, reflect on their relationships with and responsibilities for the world and propose actions designed to shape a socially just and sustainable future.
Geographical inquiry involves students acquiring, processing and communicating geographical information. Through an inquiry approach, students explain patterns, evaluate consequences and contribute to the management of places and environments in an increasingly complex world. This enables students to apply inquiry skills including: asking distinctively geographical questions; planning an inquiry and evaluating information; processing, analysing and interpreting that information; reaching conclusions based on evidence and logical reasoning; evaluating and communicating their findings and reflecting on their inquiry and responding.
The aim of Geography is to stimulate students’ interest in and engagement with the world. Through geographical inquiry, students develop an understanding of the interactions between people, places and environments across a range of scales in order to become informed, responsible and active citizens.